Arthur and his family visited Horsham and the Wimmera. The National Gallery of Victoria purchased Irrigation Lake, Wimmera. Arthur returned to Open Country and worked on large painted tiles.

Arthur travelled to Central Australia, where he experienced Aborigines for the first time. He was shocked by their living conditions.

Arthur continued ceramic production and painting, including a major ceramic commission for Melbourne Olympics in 1956. He represented Australia with Sir Arthur Streeton at the 1958 Venice Biennale. The Antipodeans Exhibition was launched and Merric Boyd died. In November 1959 he traveled with his family to England, supported by a stipend from Australian Galleries.